From the first days of taming and domestication of plants and animals, about 10,000 years ago, humans realized that the particular features of fathers could be received by their sons and daughters.
The first to forecast how this procedure works were ancient Greek intellectuals and some of their concepts carried on for a few centuries.
In the 1850s, The scientific studies of genetics started, when Austrian monk Gregor Mendel designated, in a series of experiments with green peas, the model of inheritance, noting that traits are inherited as separate units that we know are genes.
Mendel’s work laid the grounding for later scientific achievements that announced the era of modern genetics.
But little was known about the genetic nature of genes until the 1950s when American biochemist James Watson and British biophysicist Francis Crick expanded their revolutionary model of double-helix DNA.
Another considerable advance occurred in the early 1970s, when researchers discovered a series of enzymes that enabled the genes to be separated at a predetermined location along the DNA molecule and bound together, Together clone.
These genetic developments paved the way for the emergence of genetic engineering, which produced new drugs and antibodies and enabled scientists to consider gene therapy.
A few years after isolating genes From DNA, gene therapy was discovered in the 1980s.